Saints Simon and Jude, Apostles
Saints Simon and Jude, apostles – Feast
Commentary of the day
Origen (c.185-253), priest and theologian
Contra Celsus I, 62 (cf SC 132, p. 247f)
The words of the apostles Simon and Jude resound through all the earth
If Jesus had chosen intellectuals (according to popular opinion) so as to make of them the administrators of his teaching, persons with the ability to grasp and express the ideas beloved by the crowds, he would have been suspected of having preached in accordance with the methods of those philosophers who have an academy, and the divine nature of his teaching would not have been manifested clearly. Both his doctrine and his preaching would have consisted in “the wisdom of human eloquence” (1Cor 1:17)… and our faith, similar to that which one accords to the teaching of secular philosophers, would have rested “on human wisdom [and not] on the power of God” (1Cor 2:5). But when we see ordinary, unlettered fishermen and tax collectors so bold as to discuss faith in Jesus Christ with the Jews and to preach it with success to the rest of the world, how could we not seek out the origin of this power of persuasion? How could we not acknowledge that the words of Jesus: “Follow me and I will make you fishers of men” (Mt 4:19) has been realized in his apostles by divine power?
Paul also demonstrates this power when he writes: “my message and my proclamation were not with persuasive words of wisdom but with a demonstration of the Spirit and the power of God” (1Cor 2:4)… This is what the prophets had already said when they foretold the preaching of the Gospel: “The Lord gives the word to the bearers of glad tidings” that “swiftly may run his word” (Pss 68:12; 147:15). And true enough, we see that “the voice” of Jesus’s apostles “resounds through all the earth, and their words to the ends of the world” (Ps 19:5; Rom 10:18). Hence those who hear the word of God proclaimed with power are themselves filled with power. They demonstrate it by their behavior and their fight for the truth even to death.
‘Now and then, I am amazed at the evil one bad companion can do, — nor could I believe it if I did not know it by experience, — especially when we are young: then is it that the evil must be greatest. Oh, that parents would take warning by me, and look carefully to this!’
St. Teresa of Jesus
The Angel of the Lord declared to Mary:
Latin: Vulgata Clementina
Greek NT: Byzantine/Majority Text (2000)
And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and he passed the whole night in the prayer of God.
Factum est autem in illis diebus, exiit in montem orare, et erat pernoctans in oratione Dei.
εγενετο δε εν ταις ημεραις ταυταις εξηλθεν εις το ορος προσευξασθαι και ην διανυκτερευων εν τη προσευχη του θεου
And when day was come, he called unto him his disciples; and he chose twelve of them (whom also he named apostles):
Et cum dies factus esset, vocavit discipulos suos : et elegit duodecim ex ipsis (quos et apostolos nominavit) :
και οτε εγενετο ημερα προσεφωνησεν τους μαθητας αυτου και εκλεξαμενος απ αυτων δωδεκα ους και αποστολους ωνομασεν
Simon, whom he surnamed Peter, and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,
Simonem, quem cognominavit Petrum, et Andream fratrem ejus, Jacobum, et Joannem, Philippum, et Bartholomæum,
σιμωνα ον και ωνομασεν πετρον και ανδρεαν τον αδελφον αυτου ιακωβον και ιωαννην φιλιππον και βαρθολομαιον
Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alpheus, and Simon who is called Zelotes,
Matthæum, et Thomam, Jacobum Alphæi, et Simonem, qui vocatur Zelotes,
ματθαιον και θωμαν ιακωβον τον του αλφαιου και σιμωνα τον καλουμενον ζηλωτην
And Jude, the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, who was the traitor.
et Judam Jacobi, et Judam Iscariotem, qui fuit proditor.
ιουδαν ιακωβου και ιουδαν ισκαριωτην ος και εγενετο προδοτης
12. And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
13. And when it was day, he called to him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles;
14. Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,
15. Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
16. And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.
GLOSS. When adversaries rose up against the miracles and teaching of Christ, He chose Apostles as defenders and witnesses of the truth, and prefaces their election with prayer; as it is said, And it came to pass, &c.
AMBROSE; Let not your ears be open to deceit, that you should think that the Son of God prays from want of strength, that He may obtain what He could not perform; for being Himself the Author of power, the Master of obedience, He leads us by His own example to the precepts of virtue.
CYRIL; Let us examine then in the actions which Jesus did, how He teaches us to be instant in prayer to God, going apart by ourselves, and in secret, no one seeing us; putting aside also our worldly cares, that the mind may be raised up to the height of divine contemplation and this we have marked in the fact, act, that Jesus went into a mountain apart to pray.
AMBROSE; Every where also He prays alone, for human wishes comprehend not the wisdom of God; and no one can be a partaker of the secrets of Christ. But not every one who prays ascends a mountain, he only who prays advancing from earthly things to higher, who is not anxious for the riches or honors of the world. All whose minds are raised above the world ascend the mountain. In the Gospel therefore you will find, that the disciples alone ascend the mountain with the Lord. But you, O Christian, have now the character given, the form prescribed which you should imitate; as it follows, And he continued all night in prayer to God. For what ought you to do for your salvation, when Christ continues all night in prayer for you?
CHRYS. Rise then you also at night time. The soul is then purer, the very darkness and great silence are in themselves enough to lead us to sorrow for our sins. But if you look upon the heaven itself studded with stars as with unnumbered eyes, if you think that they who wanton and do unjustly in day time are then nothing different from the dead, you will loathe all human undertakings. All these things serve to raise the mind. Vain-glory then disquiets not, no tumult of passion has the mastery; fire does not so destroy the rust of iron as nightly prayer the blight of sin. He whom the heat of the sun has fevered by day is refreshed by tile dew; nightly tears are better than any dew, and are proof against desire and fear. But if a man is not cherished by the dew we speak of, he withers in the day. Wherefore although you pray not much at night, pray once with watching, and it is enough; show that the night belongs not only to the body, but to the soul.
AMBROSE; But what does it become you to do when you would commence any work of piety, when Christ, about to send out His disciples, first prayed? for it follows, And when it was day, he called his disciples, &c. whom truly He destined to be the means of spreading the salvation of man through the world. Turn your eyes also to the heavenly council. Not the wise men, not the rich, not the noble, but He chose to send out fishermen and publicans, that they might not seem to turn men to their grace by riches or by the influence of power and rank, and that the force of truth, not the graces of oratory, might prevail.
CYRIL; But mark the great carefulness of the. Evangelist. He not only says that the holy Apostles were chosen, but he enumerates them by name, that no one should dare to insert any others in the catalogue; Simon, whom he also called Peter, and Andrew his brother.
THEOPHYL; He not only surnamed Peter first, but long before this, when he was brought by Andrew, it is said, You shall be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, a stone. But Luke, wishing to mention the names of the disciples, since it was necessary to call him Peter, wished shortly to imply that this was not his name before, but the Lord had given it to him.
EUSEB. The two next are James and John, as it follows, James and John, both indeed sons of Zebedee, who were also fishermen. After them he mentions Philip and Bartholomew. John says Philip was of Bethsaida, of the city of Andrew and Peter. Bartholomew was a simple man, devoid of all worldly knowledge and guile. But Matthew was called from those who used to collect taxes; concerning whom he adds Matthew and Thomas.
THEOPHYL; Matthew places himself after his fellow-disciple Thomas, from humility, whereas by the other Evangelists he is put before him. It follows, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who is called Zelotes.
GLOSS. Because in truth he was of Cana in Galilee, which is interpreted zeal; and this is added to distinguish him from Simon Peter. It follows, Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
AUG. With respect to the name of Judas the brother of James, Luke seems to differ from Matthew, who calls him Thaddaeus. But what prevented a man from being called by two or three names? Judas the traitor is chosen, not unwittingly but knowingly, for Christ had indeed taken to Himself the weakness of man, and therefore refused not even this share of human infirmity. He was willing to be betrayed by His own Apostle, that you when betrayed by your friend may bear calmly your mistaken judgment, your kindness thrown away.
THEOPHYL; But in a mystical sense the mountain on which our Lord chose His disciples represents the loftiness of justice in which they were to be instructed, and which they were to preach to others; so also the law was given on a mountain.
CYRIL; But if we may learn the interpretation of the Apostles’ names, know that Peter means, “loosening or knowing;” Andrew “glorious power,” or “answering;” James, “apostle of grief;” John, “the grace of the Lord;” Matthew, “given;” Philip, “large mouth,” or the “orifice of a torch;” Bartholomew, “the son of him who lets down water;” Thomas, “deep or twill;” James the son of Alphaeus, “supplanter of the step of life;” Judas, “confession;” Simon, “obedience.”
Sts Simone and Jude Thaddeus
Workshop of Simone Martini
Saints Simon and Jude
Saint of the Day for October 28
Saints Simon and Jude’s Story
Jude is so named by Luke and Acts. Matthew and Mark call him Thaddeus. He is not mentioned elsewhere in the Gospels, except of course where all the apostles are mentioned. Scholars hold that he is not the author of the Letter of Jude. Actually, Jude had the same name as Judas Iscariot. Evidently because of the disgrace of that name, it was shortened to “Jude” in English.
Simon is mentioned on all four lists of the apostles. On two of them he is called “the Zealot.” The Zealots were a Jewish sect that represented an extreme of Jewish nationalism. For them, the messianic promise of the Old Testament meant that the Jews were to be a free and independent nation. God alone was their king, and any payment of taxes to the Romans—the very domination of the Romans—was a blasphemy against God. No doubt some of the Zealots were the spiritual heirs of the Maccabees, carrying on their ideals of religion and independence. But many were the counterparts of modern terrorists. They raided and killed, attacking both foreigners and “collaborating” Jews. They were chiefly responsible for the rebellion against Rome which ended in the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70.
As in the case of all the apostles except for Peter, James and John, we are faced with men who are really unknown, and we are struck by the fact that their holiness is simply taken to be a gift of Christ. He chose some unlikely people: a former Zealot, a former (crooked) tax collector, an impetuous fisherman, two “sons of thunder,” and a man named Judas Iscariot.
It is a reminder that we cannot receive too often. Holiness does not depend on human merit, culture, personality, effort, or achievement. It is entirely God’s creation and gift. God needs no Zealots to bring about the kingdom by force. Jude, like all the saints, is the saint of the impossible: Only God can create his divine life in human beings. And God wills to do so, for all of us.
Saint Jude is the Patron Saint of:
Novena to St. Jude, Patron of Desperate Situations and Hopeless Cases
About Saint Jude: Apostle, October 28 [Catholic Caucus]
St. Simon the Apostle, Feast Day: October 28, [Catholic Caucus]
Saints Simon and Jude
Who Is Saint Jude Thaddeus?/ST SIMON, SURNAMED THE ZEALOT, APOSTLE
Information: St. Simon
Feast Day: October 28
Born: Cana or Canaan
Died: Abyssinians claim he was crucified in Samaria; Lipsius says he was sawn in half at Suanir, Persia; Moses of Chorene writes that he was martyred at Weriosphora in Iberia; many locations claim to have relics including Toulouse, France, and Saint Peter’s Basilica, Rome, Italy
Major Shrine: relics claimed by many places, including Toulouse; Saint Peter’s Basilica
Patron of: curriers; sawyers; tanners
Information: St. Jude
Feast Day: October 28
Major Shrine: Saint Peter’s, Rome, Rheims, Toulouse, France
Patron of: lost causes, desperate situations, hospitals
Saturday, October 28
Liturgical Color: Red
Today is the Feast of Sts. Simon
and Jude, Apostles. St. Simon is
usually depicted in religious art
with a saw referring to the
method of his martyrdom.
Records indicate he may have
been sawn in half for preaching
Ordinary Time: October 28th
Feast of Sts. Simon and Jude, Apostles
October 28, 2017 (Readings on USCCB website)
O God, who by the blessed Apostles have brought us to acknowledge your name, graciously grant, through the intercession of Saints Simon and Jude, that the Church may constantly grow by increase of the peoples who believe in you. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.
Old Calendar: Sts. Simon and Jude, Apostles
Today the Church celebrates the feast of Sts. Simon and Jude whose names occur together in the Canon of the Mass and are also celebrated on the same day. Possibly this is because they both preached the Gospel in Mesopotamia and Persia where it is said they had both been sent, but in actual fact we know nothing for certain about them beyond what is told us of their being called as Apostles in the New Testament. St. Jude is the author of a short Epistle which forms part of the New Testament.
Sts. Simon and Jude
However meagre in details is the history of these glorious apostles, we learn from their brief legend how amply they contributed to this great work of generating sons of God. Without any repose, and even to the shedding of their blood, they “edified the body of Christ”; and the grateful Church thus prays to our Lord today: “O God, through the work of the apostles you have spoken your Word of love, your Son, into our world’s deafness. Open our ears to hear; open our hearts to heed; open our will to obey, that we may proclaim the good news with our lives.”
St. Simon is represented in art with a saw, the instrument of his martyrdom. St. Jude’s square points him out as an architect of the house of God. St. Paul called himself by this name; and St. Jude, by his Catholic Epistle, has also a special right to be reckoned among our Lord’s principal workmen. But our apostle had another nobility, far surpassing all earthly titles: being nephew, by his father Cleophas or Alpheus, to St. Joseph, and legal cousin to the Man-God, Jude was one of those called by their compatriots the brethren of the carpenter’s Son. We may gather from St. John’s Gospel another precious detail concerning him. In the admirable discourse at the close of the last Supper, our Lord said: “He that loveth Me, shall be loved of My Father: and I will love him and will manifest Myself to him.” Then Jude asked Him: “Lord, how is it, that Thou wilt manifest Thyself to us, and not to the world?” And he received from Jesus this reply: “If any one love Me, he will keep My word, and My Father will love him, and We will come to him, and will make Our abode with him. He that loveth Me not keepeth not My word. And the word which you have heard is not Mine, but the Father’s who sent Me.”
The churches of St. Peter in Rome and Saint-Sernin at Toulouse dispute the honor of possessing the greater part of their holy remains.
—Excerpted from The Liturgical Year, Abbot Gueranger O.S.B.
Patron: Desperate situations; forgotten causes; hospital workers; hospitals; impossible causes; lost causes; diocese of Saint Petersburg, Florida.
Symbols: Bearded man holding an oar, a boat, boat hook, a club, an axe or a book; nearly every image depicts him wearing a medallion with a profile of Jesus, and usually with a small flame above his head; often carries a pen or sits at a writing location to make reference to the canonical Epistle; sailboat; inverted cross; square; halbert; club; loaves and fish; long cross; knotted club; boat hook; fuller’s bat; lance; saw; flail; closed book; shield: red with sailboat with a cross on the mast.
Patron: Curriers; sawmen; sawyers; tanners.
Symbols: Boat; fish; man being sawn in two longitudinally; fish and book; oar; saw; two fishes; lance; fuller’s bat; axe; cross; saw and oar saltire; fish on a boat hood; sword; shield: red background with two oars and a hatchet.
Things to Do:
Traditionally Christians used to begin to prepare food such as bread of the dead and soul cakes for the feast of All Souls beginning on this day. In some areas people would beg for ingredients to make these cakes on this day.
Meditation: Ephesians 2:19-22
Saint Simon and Saint Jude, Apostles (Feast)
You are fellow citizens with the holy ones. (Ephesians 2:19)
The Makonde people of Tanzania in East Africa are especially known for wood carvings, especially their version of the “family tree.” From a distance, it actually looks something like a tree, but as you get closer, you see that it’s more like a pillar made of people. It depicts members of a family—including extended family and ancestors—climbing atop one another and supporting one another. In this way, the Makonde show what it is to live in a community—that each person’s life is built in part on someone else’s.
That’s a great image to keep in mind as you think about today’s reading. Every parish in the world can trace its heritage all the way back to Peter and the first apostles. Each one is truly built on “the foundation of the Apostles and prophets”—on saints like Simon and Jude, whose feast we celebrate today (Ephesians 2:20). They are your foundation! They are part of your own family tree. It inlcudes not only the apostles but countless saints and unsung heroes of the faith. They are all supporting you, helping you on your journey to heaven. You don’t have to try to get there on your own!
Maybe this is why we celebrate so many saints together and not alone: Simon and Jude, Peter and Paul, Cyril and Methodius, Perpetua and Felicity, and so on. They tell us that there are no self-made saints. Whether you’re a parishioner or a pastor, a monk or a mother, an inmate or an intern, you are walking the same path that everyone else is walking. You belong to them, and they belong to you.
This means that you have a vital role to play in your parish and in the Church as a whole—whether you recognize it or not. You are essential in the lives of your fellow believers. As in a family tree, they need you to support them, to hold them up as part of the community of the faithful. And you need them too. We are all one family—a family of brothers and sisters brought together by one loving, merciful Father.
“Lord, thank you that you have made us part of your body!”
Marriage = One Man and One Woman Until Death Do Us Part
Daily Marriage Tip for October 28, 2017:
Do you and your spouse spend most of the day apart because of work or school schedules? Pick a common time during the day to pause and hold each other in prayer for 10 seconds.
Feast of Saint Simon and Saint Jude, Apostles
Father Steven Reilly, LC
Jesus went up to the mountain to pray, and he spent the night in prayer to God. When day came, he called his disciples to himself, and from them he chose Twelve, whom he also named apostles: Simon, whom he named Peter, and his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called a Zealot, and Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.
Introductory Prayer: Lord, I believe that you are my Creator and Redeemer. I hope in your goodness and mercy. I love you from the depths of my heart. I place this time of meditation in your hands. Thank you for giving me this opportunity to grow in love for your holy will.
Petition: Help me, Lord, to persevere, like the Apostles.
1. Impossible Cases: Saint Jude is known as the patron of impossible cases. He was a relative of Our Lord himself and wrote one of the letters in the New Testament. The fact that he is the patron of impossible cases means, of course, that nothing is impossible with God. What is that one “impossible” thing for me right now? What spiritual mountain do I think is too high to climb? Is it really so “impossible” or do I just need to trust more and work harder?
2. Zeal for the Right Kingdom: Saint Simon was called a Zealot. Zealots were a group of people known for politically agitating the Roman occupiers. If Simon belonged to that group, then he certainly had a steep learning curve to absorb Jesus’ message about the true, spiritual Kingdom of God. The fact that he’s listed among the Apostles means that Christ recognized his ability to change. Perhaps Saint Simon could be a patron saint for attitude change — then his being teamed up with Saint Jude makes perfect sense. Getting over our own petty attachments and ways of seeing things can seem like a fairly “impossible case” in itself. But the Apostles are proof that Christ is more powerful than our defects, as long as we have the effective desire to follow him.
3. Supporting Roles: When we think of the apostles, Simon and Jude are never the first ones we name. However, not everyone needs to be a headliner to be a rock-solid contributor. That’s who Simon and Jude were: men loyal to Christ and who persevered in the mission that he entrusted to them. We don’t need to be stars, just faithful!
Conversation with Christ: Lord, you didn’t pick superstars of this world to be your Apostles, but they became something infinitely greater: saints. Help me to believe in the power of your grace to transform me and make me holy!
Resolution: I will be humble and supportive today in the “supporting roles” that I have.
One Bread, One Body
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